019 | Demeter

In Greek mythology, Demeter is the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains, the fertility of the earth,
and the seasons (personified by the Hours). Her common surnames are Sito as the giver of food or corn/grain
and Thesmophoros as a mark of the civilized existence of agricultural society.
Though Demeter is often described simply as the goddess of the harvest, she presided also over the sanctity
of marriage, the sacred law, and the cycle of life and death. She and her daughter Persephone were the central
figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that predated the Olympian pantheon. In the Linear B Mycenean Greek tablets
of circa 1400-1200 BC found at Pylos, the "two mistresses and the king" are identified with Demeter, Persephone
and Poseidon. Her Roman equivalent is Ceres.


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